Cluster of 35 Ancient Pyramids Discovered in Sudan!

Photo: cluster of pyramids with inner circles. Credit: Photo copyright Vincent Francigny/SEDAU

The photograph above shows the unusual pyramids with a circle built inside them and with cross-braces connecting the circle to the corners of the pyramid. Only one pyramid is known so far built in this the way outside of Sedeinga. 

At least 35 small pyramids, along with graves, have been discovered clustered closely together at a site called Sedeinga in Sudan. Discovered between 2009 and 2012, researchers are surprised at how densely the pyramids are concentrated.

In one field season alone, in 2011, the research team discovered 13 pyramids packed into roughly 5,381 square feet (500 square meters). According to archaeologists these pyramids date back around 2,000 years to a time when a kingdom named Kush flourished in Sudan. 

At Sedeinga, researchers say, pyramid building continued for centuries. "The density of the pyramids is huge," said researcher Vincent Francigny, a research associate with the American Museum of Natural History in New York, in an interview with LiveScience

Among the discoveries were several pyramids designed with an inner cupola (circular structure) connected to the pyramid corners through cross-braces. Rilly and Francigny noted in their paper that the pyramid design resembles a "French Formal Garden."

Only one pyramid, outside of Sedeinga, is known to have been constructed this way, and it's a mystery why the people of Sedeinga were fond of the design.


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Red Ice Radio: Klaus Dona - Unsolved Mysteries, Giants & Out of Place Artifacts  

Klaus Dona joins us from Vienna, Austria to discuss his "Unsolved Mysteries Tour," a rare collection of out-of-place artifacts and incredible objects. Some of these objects and statuets are millions of years old and some of them display other unique properties that place them in an unknown category.

Where do they come from and who made them?

We talk about some of Klaus's favorite artifacts. Then we talk about the giant skeletons found in La Mana in Ecuador. Klaus talks about the world map stone and a pyramid stone with thirteen steps crowned with an eye that glows under black light. Later we move on to talk about a pre-Sanskrit language, the Vikings, Vinland, the Kensington Runestone and Knights Templar in America, pre-Columbus, the Conquistadors, invasion of South America, ancient sea-faring cultures, and much more.





Megalithomania South Africa 2011: Klaus Dona's "Unsolved Mysteries"

Klaus Dona has been organizing cultural exhibitions since 1991 in Austria, Japan, and Korea. An art curator and artifacts researcher, his attention was soon drawn to "Ooparts" -- out-of-place artifacts. Ooparts are artifacts that, according to current science, should not exist.

Dona has been researching these types of artifacts for over a decade and has set up an exhibition of 470 of these Ooparts pieces -- from places such as Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Mexico and many other countries. Dona appropriately named his exhibition "Unsolved Mysteries."

Museums often "bury" out-of-place artifacts in their basements to avoid the uncomfortable questions they raise. A large number of these unusual pieces are also held in private collections, out of the public eye.

Klaus Dona has been able to exhibit more than 3500 pieces, none of which have a conventional explanation.






The Uncontacted Indians of Brazil

At risk of extinction from disease and land loss In the depths of the Amazon rainforest in Brazil live tribes who have no contact with the outside world.

Illegal loggers and cattle ranchers are invading their land and bringing disease. They won’t survive unless this stops.

Brazil’s Amazon is home to more uncontacted tribes than anywhere in the world. There could be up to 70 isolated groups in this rainforest, according to the government’s Indian affairs department FUNAI.

Their decision not to maintain contact with other tribes and outsiders is almost certainly a result of previous disastrous encounters and the ongoing invasion and destruction of their forest home.







World's oldest Copper Age settlement found!

Artifacts from Choka Oknji mine shafts: sacrificial altar and mining tools (5,000 B.C.)A "sensational" discovery of 75-century-old copper tools in Serbia is compelling scientists to reconsider existing theories about where and when man began using metal.

Belgrade - axes, hammers, hooks and needles - were found interspersed with other artefacts from a settlement that burned down some 7,000 years ago at Plocnik, near Prokuplje and 200 km south of Belgrade.

The village had been there for some eight centuries before its demise. After the big fire, its unknown inhabitants moved away. But what they left behind points to man's earliest known extraction and shaping of metal.

"It really is sensational," said Ernst Pernicka, a renowned archaeology professor at Germany's Tuebingen University who recently visited the Ploce locality.

Scientists had previously believed that the mining, extraction and manipulation of copper began in Asia Minor, spreading from there. With the find in Plocnik, parallel and simultaneous developments of those skills in several places now seem more likely, Pernicka said.

Archaeologists unearthing a copper furnace in Plocnik, Serbia (Archive Photo)Indeed, the tools discovered in southern Serbia were made some 75 centuries ago - up to eight centuries older than what has been found to date.

The site at Plocnik, believed to cover some 120 hectares in all, is buried under several metres of soil. Serbian archaeologists have so far exposed three homes - the largest of them, measuring eight by five metres, discovered this year.

The layer of earth it stood on is still blackened from the scorching heat that destroyed the village. It is unclear what caused the fire, but no damage that would indicate an outside attack has been found.

The huts collapsed on their contents, with mud bricks and ashes burying all that was inside - pottery, statues, tools and a worktable. After dusting the still embedded artefacts off, archaeologists began extracting them, most of all hoping to find more precious copper tools.

Scientists are debating whether the Plocnik village led the world to the Copper Age in the 6th millennium BC, particularly as remains of primitive copper smelters were recently found not far away, near today's mines and smelters in Majdanpek and Bor.

Dusan Sljivar, one of the archaeologists involved into the excavations, say early metal workers very likely experimented with colorful minerals that caught their eye, among others blue azurite, bright green malachite and red cuprite, all containing copper, as evidenced by malachite traces found on the inside of a pot (Archive Photo)The find, which stems from "certainly very, very early in the Copper Age", was a very lucky one, said another expert from Tuebingen, Raiko Kraus.

The Ploce locality was discovered by railroad builders in 1927, but was largely disregarded until 1996, when serious excavations began, eventually yielding the sensational finds.

According to Krause, old settlements may similarly surface in eastern Anatolia when Turkey launches some massive earth-moving project, such as building a dam.

It remains unclear why a comparatively large quantity of copper tools were found at Plocnik. The head archaeologist on site, Julka Kuzmanovic-Cvetkovic, said that the village may have been a tool-making or trading centre. There is also much more to be learned about the ancient inhabitants, apart from the key question of how man developed his tools.

"These people were not wild," Kuzmanovic-Cvetkovic stressed, pointing to fine pieces such as statuettes. "They had finely combed hair and adorned themselves with necklaces."

One statue of a woman shows her wearing some sort of a mini skirt. Others wore long and broad scarves. Kuzmanovic-Cvetkovic actually helped a Serbian fashion designer set up a show inspired by the clothes of the people who lived there millennia earlier.

Whatever remains to be found at Ploce and elsewhere, "mankind took a major step toward the modern era" during that time, Pernicka said.